Mangoes are one of the most popular fruits in the world—consumed most commonly worldwide, and the most cultivated fruit in the tropical world, with over 2,000 varieties.
History and Cultivation in Africa
Mangoes were domesticated in India around 400 B.C, and by the 10th century, had made their way to East Africa where they were cultivated. In addition, Portuguese traders brought mango seeds along their route, spreading the trees to their African colonies in the 16th century.
Mango Production Areas
Mango is grown across most of Africa and there are over 100 different varieties of mangoes grown and harvested across many African countries. Although Nigeria remains Africa’s top producer of the fruit occupying the position of the 8th largest producer of mangoes (followed by Kenya, Egypt and Madagascar), almost all of its yearly harvests are consumed locally or rot away as waste.
The mango industry of South Africa has also grown very rapidly in the past decade, with the north eastern part of the country accounting for most of the production.
Many types of mangoes are cultivated across Africa including the following popular species: